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Do you like using fresh herbs when you cook?


I do.  But, I don’t like buying herbs from the store because they can be expensive and often aren’t very fresh looking.


Purple basil and chives
I enjoy growing herbs outdoors in my garden, but I also grow herbs indoors on my kitchen windowsill.

Whether you have a garden, a balcony or a windowsill, you can grow herbs inside.


Many people grow herbs indoors during the winter time, but you can grow them inside all year long.

So, are you ready to grow your own fresh herbs?
Let’s get started…

1. Select a place to put your potted herbs that has a sunny window. – 
A window that faces south is best, but east facing will also work.  West facing windows may be too hot in if you live in the desert, but you can experiment with it.  
Herbs need at least 4 – 5 hours of sun.


It’s important to note that herbs grown indoors won’t look as compact or lush as those grown outdoors, which is due to the fact that they don’t get as much sun indoors.

2. Choose plastic or glazed containers with holes for drainage.  
It’s best to avoid terra-cotta pots, which can dry out – especially during the winter when the air in our homes can be dry from heating. 


You can also use cans as recycled containers.  I have grown herbs in tomato cans as well as coffee cans.  

A row of cans with their labels removed, filled with herbs would add a real contemporary look to the kitchen, don’t you think?  


3. Use potting or planting mix.  
Avoid using potting soil, which is not formulated for containers and can become soggy.
4. Select what herbs you want to grow.
There are many different herbs that will grow well indoors, which include basil, chives, lemon balm, mint, parsley, sage and thyme. 

You can buy herb transplants from your favorite nursery or sometimes at the grocery store.




Another way to grow certain herbs is to start them from cuttings.


I ran out to the garden to grab two types of basil and some apple mint to show you how to do this.  
Basil and mint are both easy to start from cuttings.


Remove the leaves from the bottom as shown, above.  Place the cuttings in a glass of water so that most of the stem is submerged in water, but take care that no leaves are in the water.




Place in a window with bright, indirect sun.  Change the water every other day and watch for roots to develop.  Once roots have grown 1/2 – 1 inch, transplant each cutting into a container filled with potting mix and your are done!
I told you it was easy.


5. Water your potted herbs when the top of the soil feels dry.
Herbs don’t like soggy soil, so it’s best to allow the top of the soil to dry out before watering deeply until the water runs out the bottom.  

An easy to tell when it’s time to water is to stick your finger into the soil till you reach your first knuckle – slightly less than an inch.  If it feels barely moist, then it is time to water again.

6. Fertilize your herbs.
When plants are grown in pots, they need to be fertilized and herbs are no different.  You can apply organic fertilizer granules and work into the top inch of soil OR you can use an organic liquid fertilizer such as fish emulsion.  

Follow directions on the granular fertilizer package when applying and guidelines for frequency.  In general, liquid fertilizer can be applied every 2 weeks.


Soon you will have fresh herbs close at hand and ready to use in your favorite dishes.

I recently made herbs salts from my herbs, which is fun and easy to do.  The flavor that they add to food is just delicious!


Click the links below to learn how to make:


Basil Salt


Herb Salt


For more information on how to grow herbs and how to preserve them, click on the following links:


Preserve Herbs By Freezing Them Into Ice Cubes


Preserve Herbs By Drying Them



Have you ever sprayed air-freshener in your home?  Does it ever smell like the fragrance described on the can?


I must confess that I have used air-fresheners in the past, but I was never happy with how my house smelled afterward.  To me, the fragrances were so ‘artificial’ and I also wondered if there were some ingredients in these sprays that maybe weren’t so healthy to be inhaling.


So, I was quite intrigued when I heard about ‘natural’ air fresheners made from plants – many of which I had in my own garden.


Imagine if your home had the natural fragrance of citrus paired with your favorite herbs drifting throughout.  No overpowering, artificial fragrance, just subtle, refreshing scents.  

The combinations are endless and the fragrance is released into the air by adding the contents of jar and enough water to fill a small pot at least 1/2 – 3/4 full.  Heat to boiling and then turn the heat down to low and allow it to simmer for a couple of hours.  That’s it!


So are you as excited about creating your own ‘natural’ air fresheners as I am? 


Let’s get started with some ingredients that can be used to create your own unique fragrant combination(s):



All types of citrus are refreshing and can serve as the base of your air freshener.  I chose lemons, oranges and limes.  But, if you have a grapefruit tree that is overly generous with its fruit, they would work well too!


Now let’s grab some herbs from the garden (or grocery store)….



Basil



Thyme

Mint


Rosemary and lavender would also work great, but I didn’t have any growing in my garden.


I also decided to use vanilla extract and peppercorns in my mixtures.


Are you ready for the fun part and make some wonderful natural fragrance combinations?


Here are a few that I made…



I love cooking (and eating) Italian food – even though I have not Italian ancestry that I know of.  So, I like this combination of 1 sprig of basil, 1 teaspoon of black peppercorns and a few slices of lemon – it makes my home smell fresh as I imagine an Italian kitchen would smell like.


I added these ingredients to jam jars and filled them with water to the top…

I think it looks pretty, don’t you?


Of course, if you will use them right away, skip the jar and add directly to a small pot.  Pour more water until it reaches 3/4 full, heat to boiling, lower the heat to low and enjoy for a few hours – KEEP an eye on the water level and add more as needed – DON’T let it dry out.


Here is another combination that I love…



A few slices of lime, 4 – 5 sprigs of thyme, a sprig of mint and a teaspoon of vanilla extract.


You can make up one air freshener at a time, or make a few and store them in the refrigerator for a week or freeze them for longer until ready to use – just make sure to freeze them in a freezer-safe container such as a wide-mouth jar, like I have.


Lastly, this is my favorite combination and only has two ingredients…



Oranges and vanilla extract.



I sliced half an orange and added 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract.
  The fragrance reminds me of the orange sherbet / vanilla ice-cream that I ate when I was a child.


You can also add cinnamon sticks or a few whole cloves to this mixture for a more spicy fragrance.


If you have ever stepped into a Williams & Sonoma store, they have their own natural air freshener recipe:


Lemon slices
Rosemary sprigs
1 teaspoon of vanilla extract


In addition to the ingredients that I have used, here are some others that you can experiment with to create your own unique natural air freshener: citrus peels, apple peels, almond extract, peppermint extract, coconut extract, ginger, nutmeg, ground cinnamon, whole cloves, bay leaves, basil, sage, lavender, oregano and rosemary.



Have fun creating your own fragrance combinations. 


If you want to add a little freshness to your home, don’t waste your time spraying artificial fragrance through your home.  You can create wonderful combinations of scents using items in your garden, refrigerator and pantry.


**For additional fragrant combinations, click here.


I hope you enjoy making these natural air fresheners as much as I do!



Do you like mint?  I love using it in my iced tea.


I have a beautiful apple mint growing in my garden, but winter is not its best season.  Because I want to enjoy fresh mint in the winter, I decided to freeze some mint leaves in ice cubes.


My granddaughter, Lily helped me pick some mint from the garden.



Preserving mint is easy to do and I have enough to last me through the winter, ready for my favorite beverage.

To learn how to preserve mint, check out my latest blog post for Birds & Blooms – “Preserve the Taste of Summer With Mint Ice Cubes”.